Dutch artist, Theosophist and member of the De Stijl movement, best known for his ruthlessly vertical and horizontal compositions in primary colours -
Piet Mondrian, Chrysanthemum (1906)
Piet Mondrian, Composition II in Red, Blue and Yellow (1930)
Convention-busting Spanish painting genius and inventor of cubism -
Pablo Picasso, Science and Charity (Oil, 1897)
There's 40 years between these two though.
Droll commentator on 20th century consumerism
From shoes to death in 8 years. Consumerism will consume you.
French Impressionist, painter of light, colour, modern life and precursor of Jackson Pollock's action paintings
Claude Monet, Waterlilies (Oil, 1916)
Dutch symbolist/post-impressionist best known for his expressive exuberant brushwork in bright life-affirming colours
VINCENT VAN GOGH
Vincent Van Gogh, The de Ruijterkade in Amsterdam (Oil, 1885)
Vincent Van Gogh, The Starry Night (Oil, 1889)
There's only 4 years difference between the execution of these two paintings, but then Van Gogh had to move fast - he only had a 10 year painting career.
And finally, Russian painter of spiritual abstract work, leading us all towards a higher plane of being
Wassily Kandinsky, Odessa Port (Oil, 1898)
Wassily Kandinsky, Composition IV (Oil, 1911)